PRINCETON, NJ — A new Gallup Poll — posed to more than 120,000 U.S. adults thus far — shows that 3.4% say “yes” when asked if they identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.
Another 4.4 percent either refused to give a preference or said they didn’t know. The remaining 92.2 percent said they were not gay, bi or tran.
These results are based on 121,290 Gallup interviews conducted between June 1 and Sept. 30, 2012.
This is the largest single study of the distribution of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) population in the U.S. on record.
One obvious limitation of this study is that it measures only what people say they are. It does not attempt to document sexual or other behavior, either past or present.The following sections review the percentage identifying as LGBT across specific subgroups of the U.S. population. Overall, the results from this analysis run counter to some media stereotypes that portray the LGBT community as predominantly white, highly educated, and very wealthy.
Nonwhite Individuals More Likely to Identify as LGBT
Nonwhites are more likely than white segments of the U.S. population to identify as LGBT. The survey results show that 4.6% of African-Americans identify as LGBT, along with 4.0% of Hispanics and 4.3% of Asians. The disproportionately higher representation of LGBT status among nonwhite population segments corresponds to the slightly below-average 3.2% of white Americans who identified as LGBT.
Overall, a third of LGBT-identifiers are nonwhite (33%), compared with 27% of non-LGBT individuals.
Women Are More Likely to Identify as LGBT Than Are Men
Although the difference is not large, women are slightly more likely to identify as LGBT than are men (3.6% vs. 3.3%) — a finding that is consistent with other surveys. Put differently, more than 53% of LGBT individuals are women.
Younger Americans More Likely to Identify as LGBT
Adults aged 18 to 29 (6.4%) are more than three times as likely as seniors aged 65 and older (1.9%) to identify as LGBT. Among those aged 30 to 64, LGBT identity declines with age — at 3.2% for 30- to 49-year-olds and 2.6% for 50- to 64-year-olds.
Consistent with other recent studies and with the gender gap identified earlier in this report, younger women are more likely to identify as LGBT than are younger men. Among 18- to 29-year-olds, 8.3% of women identify as LGBT, compared with 4.6% of men the same age.
It is possible that some of these age differences are due to a greater reluctance on the part of older Americans who may be LGBT to identify as such. In general, younger Americans are more accepting of equal rights and opportunities for gay men and lesbians.
LGBT Americans Tend to Have Lower Levels of Education and Income
Gallup’s analysis shows that identification as LGBT is highest among Americans with the lowest levels of education — contrary to what other, more limited, studies have shown. Among those with a high school education or less, 3.5% identify as LGBT, compared with 2.8% of those with a college degree and 3.2% of those with postgraduate education. LGBT identification is highest among those with some college education but not a college degree, at 4.0%.
A similar pattern is found across income groups. More than 5% of those with incomes of less than $24,000 a year identify as LGBT, a higher proportion than among those with higher incomes — including 2.8% of those making $60,000 a year or more.
Among those who report income, about 16% of LGBT-identified individuals have incomes above $90,000 per year, compared with 21% of the overall adult population. Additionally, 35% of those who identify as LGBT report incomes of less than $24,000 a year, significantly higher than the 24% for the population in general. These findings are consistent with research showing that LGBT people are at a higher risk of poverty.
East and West Regions Are Home to More LGBT Identifiers
LGBT identification is slightly higher in the East (3.7%) and the West (3.6%) than in the Midwest (3.4%) and the South (3.2%). This slightly higher incidence on both coasts could be a product of two factors. More accepting regions may attract LGBT people to move there. But it may also be the case that social acceptance in the East and West means that LGBT people are more willing to self-identify, because they feel less stigmatized by their identity.
This report marks the first step in analyzing the largest population-based survey of LGBT Americans ever conducted. Upcoming reports on Gallup.com will analyze LGBT political attitudes and perspectives, and review the impact of self-reported LGBT identity on health and wellbeing. Gallup will continue to include the LGBT question in its Daily tracking survey, which will provide the ability to analyze trends and correlates of LGBT status in the U.S. across a wide variety of social, cultural, economic, and political indicators.
This initial analysis reveals new insights into the composition of the LGBT community in the U.S. In particular, the findings challenge both media and cultural stereotypes to reveal that the LGBT population is in a number of ways not that different from the broader U.S. population.
Gary J. Gates is the Williams Distinguished Scholar at the Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. A national expert in LGBT demographics, he holds a PhD in Public Policy from the Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University.
Survey Methods Results are based on telephone interviews conducted as part of the Gallup Daily tracking survey June 1-Sept. 30, 2012, with a random sample of 121,290 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, selected using random-digit-dial sampling.
For results based on the total sample of [national adults/registered voters], one can say with 95% confidence that the maximum margin of sampling error is <±1 percentage point.
For more details on Gallup’s polling methodology, visit www.gallup.com.
NEW YORK – A divided federal appeals court on Oct. 18 struck down the Defense of Marriage Act as unconstitutional. The judicial panel joined an appeals court in Boston in rejecting the law confines marriage to a man and a woman.
The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals issued its 2-to-1 ruling only weeks after hearing arguments on a lower court judge’s findings that the 1996 law was unconstitutional.
The majority opinion written by Judge Dennis Jacobs rejected a section of the law that says “marriage” only means a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife and that the word “spouse” refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife. A federal appeals court in Boston earlier this year also found it unconstitutional.
The issue is expected to be decided by the Supreme Court next year.
James Esseks, an attorney for the American Civil Liberties Union, called the ruling “a watershed moment in the legal movement for lesbian and gay rights.”
“It’s fabulous news for same-sex couples in New York and other states,” he said.
Esseks said the 2nd Circuit went farther than the appeals court in Boston by saying that when the government discriminates against gay people, the courts will presume that the discrimination is unconstitutional.
In striking down the law, the Jacobs wrote that the law’s “classification of same-sex spouses was not substantially related to an important government interest” and thus violated the equal protection clause of the Constitution.
He said the law was written so broadly that it touches more than a thousand federal laws. He said “homosexuals are not in a position to adequately protect themselves from the discriminatory wishes of the majoritarian public.”
He rejected arguments that the definition of marriage was traditional.
“Even if preserving tradition were in itself an important goal, DOMA is not a means to achieve it,” he said.
Judge Chester Straub dissented, saying that if the government was to change its understanding of marriage, “I believe it is for the American people to do so.”
“Courts should not intervene where there is a robust political debate because doing so poisons the political well, imposing a destructive anti-majoritarian constitutional ruling on a vigorous debate,” he said.
The ruling came in a case brought by Edith Windsor. She sued the government in November 2010 because she was told to pay $363,053 in federal estate tax after her partner of 44 years, Thea Spyer, died in 2009. They had married in Canada in 2007.
The law, which denies federal recognition of same-sex marriages and affirms the right of states to refuse to recognize such marriages, was passed by Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton after it appeared in 1993 that Hawaii might legalize gay marriage. Since then, many states have banned gay marriage but several have approved it, including Massachusetts and New York.
Members of OneDaytona met Sunday (Oct. 14) to map plans for the coming year.
Among the goals approved by the gay advocacy group:
– Raise funds to continue the OneDaytona GLBT scholarship program
– Organize a Film Night and continue screenings periodically if interest is strong.
– Continue efforts to be a clearinghouse of GLBT information, using GayDaytona.com.
OneDaytona has awarded three $500 scholarships over the past three years, offering them to GLBT people enrolled at local campuses or vocational schools. However, the scholarship fund currently has a balance of only $70.
To raise funds, the group agreed to explore the idea of conducting a raffle at the Volusia Pride festival on Nov. 10. A party or dance in early 2013 is another idea being considered.
A Film Night series could take advantage of audiovisual equipment available in New Church Family’s new building on U.S. 92.
Treasurer Tom Brown reported OneDaytona has completed the transfer of $653 in Volusia Pride donations and vending fees to PFLAG of Volusia, the overseer of this year’s Pride Festival. Members agreed to share a festival information table with New Church Family and distribute materials about the organization and the scholarship program.
Members were encouraged to attend the Oct. 24 community mixer being organized by P.R.I.D.E., an Embry-Riddle gay straight alliance. The reception will be in the atrium of the College of Aviation building, starting 7 p.m.
Brown reminded members that annual dues of $10 for the 2012-2013 period should be paid as soon as possible to cover expenses such as corporate filing fees and postal box rentals. Payments can be sent to OneDaytona, PO Box 1936, Daytona Beach FL. 32115.
OneDaytona, formed in 2009, is a non-profit coalition that focuses on Y.E.S. — youth support, educational program and social events. Membership is open to anyone with an interest in gay solidarity and equality.
The next meeting will be Sunday, Nov. 18, at 11:45 a.m. at New Church Family, 3520 W. International Speedway Blvd., Daytona Beach FL. To be place on the group’s e-mailing list, send your contact info to Tom Brown at firstname.lastname@example.org
Here is a summary of this fall’s state-ballot referenda on gay marriage:
Same-sex marriage has been on state ballots for nearly a decade— 30 out of 31 measures banning gay marriage have been approved by voters, including Californians. In contrast, same-sex marriage victories consistently have come from the courts or legislatures.
This fall, four states will vote on marriage-related propositions.
In Maine’s Question 1 and in Maryland’s Question 6 , both put on the ballot by petitions, voters will be asked to legalize same-sex marriage by repealing prior laws that banned it. In Washington, opponents are asking voters to approve or repeal a new law that legalized gay marriage. And Minnesota voters will vote on a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. (This May, North Carolina voters passed such a ban.)
HISTORICAL FOOTNOTE: Florida voters inserted an anti-gay marriage amendment into the state constitution in the 2004 election after backers rounded up more than 60 percent of the vote.
By Tom Brown
NEW SMYRNA BEACH – Fourteen volunteers met Sept. 19 and pledged their best efforts to make sure a Volusia Pride Festival is held Nov. 10 as previously scheduled.
To reduce festival costs, the event will be moved from downtown Daytona’s Riverside Park to the United Church of Christ at 203 Washington St. in downtown New Smyrna Beach.
The volunteers agreed to donate $100 to the church to defray utility costs and other expenses. A permit for Riverside Park would have cost at least $265 and required additional spending on insurance, police and rentals of a stage and portable toilets.
Kathy Seibert, the new chairperson at the Pride Committee, said she was pleased by the volunteer turnout. She encouraged more people to attend future planning meetings, which will be held every Thursday at 7 p.m. at the church.
Volunteers represented UCC and PFLAG, New Church Family, OneDaytona, area colleges, Hub on Canal, and other groups.
A meeting summary prepared by James Roberts said the Pride Committee has about $225 in funds. So far, eight organizations and businesses have signed up as vendors.
Admission to the festival will be free. Volunteers talked about the possibility of staging a drag show in the form of a humorous beauty contest. They also are gathering ideas for family-friendly games to offer.
Vendor spaces are available at $25 for non-profit groups and $50 for for-profit businesses.
For more information, contact Kathy Seibert , Kathy@seibert.net.
By Tom Brown
Organizers of the 2012 Volusia Pride Festival announced Thursday the Nov. 10 event will take place on church property in downtown New Smyrna Beach instead of Daytona Beach’s Riverside Park.
The new location will be the United Church of Christ of New Smyrna Beach at 203 Washington St., two blocks north of New Smyrna’s Canal Street commercial district. Kathy Seibert, a volunteer with the church and the Volusia chapter of PFLAG, has replaced Lisa-Marie Mueller as Pride chairperson. Mueller, a Daytona State student, had to relocate to Fort Lauderdale because of a family health crisis.
The organizers plan to regroup Wednesday, Sept. 19, with a 7 p.m. planning meeting at the church. All area GLBT organizations and businesses are urged to send representatives to help make the festival a community-wide event.
Mueller said the change of venue was necessary partly because of the high cost of using Riverside Park. Park rental fees, security and clean-up costs, a stage rental, portable toilet requirements, and insurance would have required at least $1,000. After paying an application fee and setting up a festival web site, the Pride Committee’s treasury has only about $200 on hand. A plan for a pizza fundraiser last month fell through when the pizzeria went out of business.
“After nine months of preliminary planning, we have concluded we have too few volunteers and too little money to present a successful festival at Riverside,” Mueller said. She expressed gratitude the church has provided an alternative site to hold down expenses.
“It will be a much smaller event than originally intended, but with your help, Volusia Pride 2013 can be bigger and better,” Mueller said in an e-mail to her fellow student volunteers.
Seibert said the church’s council on Sept. 12 unanimously approved use of the church property for the Pride Festival. To keep the event family-friendly and to reduce security risks, no alcohol will be sold on the property.
The local chapter of PFLAG (Parents, Families & Friends of Lesbians & Gays) also has offered volunteer help for the event.
Seibert urged all Pride supporters to attend the Sept. 19 planning session.
“Let’s stay focused and show that we can still make the festival a fun event for our larger community! Huge thanks to Lisa-Marie and the Pride committee for all the hard work they’ve done,” she said.
Financial sponsors and vendors for the Pride event include, so far, OneDaytona, PFLAG of Volusia, United Church of Christ of New Smyrna Beach, New Church Family, Sintral Florida Derby Demons, KingChamp Books and Jewelry by Lisa.
Vendor spaces are available at $25 each for non-profit organizations and $50 each for businesses. Vendor fees and other contributions should be sent to PFLAG New Smyrna Beach/Volusia, 93 Cumberland Ave, Ormond Beach FL 32174. Vendor registration forms are available at the festival web site, www.VolusiaPride.org
For more information, contact Kathy Seibert at 386.299.0698.
DAYTONA BEACH — New Church Family finished packing up its furniture and files on Tuesday (Aug. 28) and trucked them out to its new building at 3520 W. International Speedway Blvd., Daytona Beach.
The move ended a four-year lease of space at the Copytronics Building on Beville Road. Services begin in the new location on Sunday, Sept. 2.
Church members and friends will gather at the new site on Saturday for an unpacking work bee, starting 10 a.m. Anyone is welcome to pitch in.
The new building gives the 42-member church a meeting hall of 1500 square feet, plus a large boardroom, 3 offices, kitchen, lobby and storage room. The previous owners, the Volusia Building Industry Association, are building a new office in Daytona Beach but will continue using a portion of their old headquarters for the next 2 or 3 months.
Over the past 25 years, the church, formerly known as Hope Metropolitan Community Church, has used several locations, including the Unitarian-Universalist Society in Ormond Beach, the Lambda Center on Harvey Avenue, and 500 S. Ridgewood Ave. in Daytona. The church, pastored by Revs. Beau and Susan McDaniels, is now affiliated with International Christian Community Churches in Asheville, N.C.
A worker from Bear Transport helps load furniture for New Church Family.
ST. AUGUSTINE — The St. Augustine City Commission has launched an effort to outlaw housing discrimination against the homosexual community.
The city commission voted Monday (Aug. 27) to begin the process of amending the city’s Fair Housing Act. The proposed amendment would change the city’s Fair Housing Act to make discrimination based on sexual orientation illegal.
Volusia County enacted a broader gay-rights measure last year with little debate. Volusia’s measure gives gay people the right to sue for damages if they experience bias in housing, the workplace or public accommodations, such as bars and restaurants. Orlando approved a similar ordinance earlier this year, but Jacksonville’s city council voted 17-2 in mid-August to kill a gay-rights bill for that city.
The St. Augustine city attorney will draft an ordinance based on the Aug. 27 The draft will likely be presented at the Sept. 10 city commission meeting. Then the draft will go to a second meeting where the public will be allowed to comment on the issue. A final vote is expected in October.
LONDON — Matthew Mitcham, the gay Australian diver who won a gold medal at the Beijing Olympics, was edged out of contention in London on Saturday when he botched his final dive in the 10-meter semifinals.
Mitcham was in 11th place in the competition for 12 spots in the final round, but was knocked back to 13th when Riley McCormick of Canada outperformed him. Mitcham scored only 70.20 after tipping over his back 2 1/2 somersault with 2 1/2 twist, while McCormick nailed his back 3 1/2 somersault pike to score a round-high 97.20. That put McCormick ahead of Mitcham.
Mitcham was in tears as he caught his breath on the pool deck, but regained his composure by the time he faced the media a few moments later. He blamed a torn abdominal muscle and spinal stress injuries for slowing down his training over the past two years.
‘‘All I can say is my performance was a product of my preparations, because that was so interrupted with injuries,’’ he told reporters. ‘‘I didn’t have enough time to get the dives consistent . . . I was always playing catch-up.’
Two Chinese divers, Qui Bo and Line Y, dominated the session. Lin led through rounds three and four, but then Qui landed the two highest-scoring dives of the final two rounds to boost his tally to 563.55, with Lin next with 541.80 and American David Boudia third with 531.15.
Later in the evening, Mitcham was tweeting his fans with his characteristic flip humor, observing he had missed out by just “the skin of a bee’s penis.”
The Australian newspaper reported Mitcham, 24, intends to try for the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, possibly in the springboard or synchronized diving events.
Excerpted from Biblio.com
Gay author Gore Vidal died Tuesday (July 31) of pneumonia complications at his home in Hollywood Hills, Calif. He was 86.
Vidal was a well-known American writer of novels, plays and essays. Within the gay community, he was especially known for his pioneering gay-themed novel, “The City and the Pillar,” one of his first books, and, much later, the satirical transsexual tale, “Myra Breckinridge.”
He was born Eugene Luther Vidal in West Point, N.Y. the son of Eugene Vidal and Nina Gore. His birth took place at the United States Military Academy where his father was an aeronautics instructor. Vidal later adopted as his first name the surname of his maternal grandfather, Thomas P. Gore, Democratic senator from Oklahoma.
Vidal was brought up in the Washington, D.C., area. It was there that he attended St. Albans School. His grandfather Gore was blind, and the young Vidal both read aloud to him and frequently acted as his guide, thereby gaining unusual access for a child to the corridors of power. Senator Gore’s isolationism became one of the guiding beliefs of Vidal’s political philosophy, which has always been unwaveringly critical of what he perceives to be American imperialism.
After graduating from Phillips Exeter Academy, Vidal joined the US Army Reserve in 1943.
In recent decades, Vidal divided his time between Ravello, Italy, on the Amalfi Coast, and Los Angeles. He sold his home in Ravello in 2003. In November, 2003, Howard Austen, Vidal’s life partner, died. In February, 2005, Vidal buried Austen’s remains in a tomb maintained for the two of them at Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, DC.
At 21 he published his first novel, Williwaw, based upon his military experiences in the Alaskan Harbor Detachment. The book was well received. A few years later, his novel The City and the Pillar, which dealt candidly with gay themes, caused a furor, to the extent that the New York Times refused to review a number of his later books. The book was dedicated to “J.T.” After rumors were published in a magazine, Vidal eventually confirmed that this was his St. Albans love, Jimmie Trimble, whom the book clearly involved. Trimble died in the Battle of Iwo Jima June 1, 1945, and Vidal would later claim that he was the only person he ever loved.
Author Patricia Nell Warren wrote this remembrance of Vidal’s teenaged love for Trimble:
“Vidal fell in love at 13 with a baseball player, Jimmie Trimble, that he met at a boys boarding school in Washington D.C.. “He had pale blue eyes; mine were pale brown,” Vidal wrote later in his memoirs, Palimpsest. “He had the hunter-athlete’s farsightedness; I had the writer-reader’s myopic vision.”
“Vidal was haunted by an afternoon that the two spent on a favorite rock by the nearby river, not long before leaving school. “He was already becoming famous in Washington as a baseball player, and I was busy writing, and thinking of a political career … Every now and then, in idle moments, I start to hear snatches of the conversation of those two boys on the rock that afternoon. ‘could play ball as a pro …’;’can’t be a politician without a state and I don’t come from anywhere, maybe Virginia…’.”
“Instead, as World War II broke out, the boys went their separate ways — into the armed forces. Vidal wound up in the army, as an officer on a supply ship in the Aleutians, while rugged Jimmie joined the Marines and was shipped off to combat in the South Pacific. Jimmie’s incandescent personality was noticed by his commanding officers. In February 1945, at age 19, he was killed during the fighting on Iwo Jima. Having been noticed, Jimmie found a kind of sports immortality — later the Marines named their Guam baseball park after him — Trimble Field.
“Vidal spent the rest of his life trying to disentangle his feelings for the unforgettable baseball player. “In due course,” Gore told The Advocate in an interview, “I wrote a novel in which I described what might have happened had we met again years later.” That novel was The City and the Pillar, written in 1946 and published in 1948, as the world was digging itself out of the ruins and mass graves of war. He dedicated the controversial book to “JT.” Some critics consider this novel his finest work.
Eventually Vidal settled into a devoted partnership with ad executive Howard Austen. But he admitted publicly that it was not a sexual relationship. Jimmie would not be replaced.”
Besides writing novels, Vidal worked on plays, films, and television series as a scriptwriter. Two of his plays, The Best Man and Visit to a Small Planet, were Broadway hits and later, were adapted successfully as movies.
In the early 1950s, using the pseudonym Edgar Box, he wrote three mystery novels about a fictional detective named Peter Sergeant.
Vidal was hired as a contract writer for MGM in 1956. In 1959, Director William Wyler needed work done on the script of Ben-Hur, written by Karl Tunberg. Vidal agreed to collaborate with Christopher Fry to rework the screenplay on the condition that MGM let him out of the last two years of his contract. The death of the producer, Sam Zimbalist, however, led to complications in allotting credit. The Screenwriters Guild resolved the issue by listing Tunberg as the sole screenwriter, denying credit to both Vidal and Fry. Charlton Heston was less than pleased with the carefully veiled homosexuality of a scene which Vidal claims to have written and has denied that Vidal had significant involvement in the script.
In the 1960s, Vidal wrote three highly successful novels. The meticulously researched Julian (1964) dealt with the apostate Roman emperor, while Washington, D.C. (1967) focused on a political family during the FDR era. The third novel was unexpected – the satirical transsexual comedy Myra Breckinridge (1968).
After two unsuccessful plays, Weekend (1968) and An Evening With Richard Nixon (1972), and the strange semi-autobiographical novel Two Sisters, Vidal would focus mainly on his essays and two distinct strains of his novels: historical novels dealing with American history such as Burr (1973), 1876 (1976), Lincoln (1984), Empire (1987), Hollywood (1989), The Golden Age (2000) and another excursion into the ancient world Creation (1981, published in expanded form 2002); and the funny and often merciless “satirical inventions”: Myron (1975, a sequel to Myra Breckinridge), Kalki (1978), Duluth (1983), Live From Golgotha (1992) and The Smithsonian Institution (1998).
Vidal also occasionally returned to write for cinema and television, including a TV movie of Billy the Kid with Val Kilmer and a mini-series of Lincoln. He also wrote the original script for the controversial film Caligula but later had his name removed because the director and the lead actor re-wrote the script, changing the overall tone and theme. Ironically, in a failed attempt to restore Vidal’s vision during the post-production, the producers of the film ended up turning it into something neither Vidal, Brass nor McDowell had in mind.
Perhaps contrary to his own wishes, Vidal is more respected as an essayist than novelist. He writes chiefly on political, historical, and literary themes. He won the National Book Award in 1993 for United States (1952-1992). A subsequent collection to 2000 is The Last Empire. Since then he has published “pamphlets” highly critical of the present Bush-Cheney administration as well as a text on America’s founding fathers, Inventing A Nation.
In the 1960s, Vidal moved to Italy and was cast as himself in Federico Fellini’s film Roma.
His liberal politics are well-documented. In 1987 he wrote a series of essays entitled Armageddon, exploring the intricacies of power in contemporary America and ruthlessly pillorying the presidential incumbent Ronald Reagan, whom he once famously described as a “triumph of the embalmer’s art.”
Besides his politician grandfather, Vidal had other connections to the Democratic Party: his mother, Nina, married Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr., who later became the stepfather of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. Vidal is a 5th cousin of Jimmy Carter. He was also an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Congress in 1960, losing a very close election in a traditionally Republican district on the Hudson River. In 1982, he lost to Jerry Brown in the Democratic Party senatorial primary despite the backing of such liberal celebrities as Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward. Vidal claimed Al Gore, the former U.S. vice president, as a distant cousin.
He co-starred in the 1992 film, Bob Roberts, with Tim Robbins as well as other films, notably Gattaca, With Honors and Igby Goes Down.
In later years, as he railed against America’s growing fear of terrorism, some of his critics dismissed him as a crackpot. Many viewed his isolationism, which opposed U.S. involvement in World War 2, as extreme.
Vidal was noted for his one-sentence zingers, often directed against his intellectual arch-enemy, conservative William F. Buckley Jr. But he also could mock himself. As he once told a magazine interviewer: “There is not one human problem that could not be solved if people would simply do as I advise.”
Another of his quotes could be a motto for the GLBT community:
“Style is knowing who you are, what you want to say, and not giving a damn.”